It can be difficult to find a completely transparent CBD company. When you do, you may have questions about CBD farming, if growing CBD is legal, and more. Do you know how cannabidiol (CBD) makes it from farm to table?
In honor of National Farmers Day on October 12, this article will tell you everything you need to know about CBD farming. Learn more about CBD hemp farming equipment, if farmers need a CBD hemp license, and more!
Read on for CBD farming facts, and find out about the journey of CBD from tiny seed to tincture.
What Is A CBD Farm?
Hemp farming has been happening for thousands of years. The fibers of the hemp plant made it valuable as a:
- "Superfood" - contains protein, vitamins, essential fatty acids ("healthy" fats), fiber, and more
- Textile - useful in the construction of clothing and fabrics
- Tool - utilized in the making of twine, pottery, and beyond
One of the most famous documented cases of hemp farming was Chinese Emperor Shen's Pharmacopeia. This document dates back to around 2800 BC, and details over 5,000 uses for industrial hemp. Travelers on the Mayflower and people in early America used this versatile crop for everything from boat construction to paper and parchment.
It's been relatively recently that cannabis and hemp were seen as "drug" rather than accessible healing agents.
Explore more about the regulations and legislation surround hemp farming in the section below, "Is CBD Farming Legal? (Hemp Farm Regulations)".
Hemp plants are commonly grown in two ways:
- Plant The Seed - the classic route that creates a "mother plant"
- Cloning The Mother Plant - creates identical clones of the mother plant
As with other farming methods, CBD experts have hotly debated which method is best. Each has its pros and cons.
If you plant a handful of commercial seeds, say flowers or vegetables, you're likely to find a consistent crop. Cannabis, on the other hand, is a more complex crop. Differences in cannabis genetics produce differing strains of CBD.
Cannabinoids & Cannabis Strains
Cannabis strains with over 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound, are referred to as marijuana. Strains with less than 0.3% THC are referred to as hemp.
CBD is just one cannabinoid of many contained in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids are potentially beneficial compounds in the cannabis plant that bind to endocannabinoid system (ECS) receptors inside your body. CBD is known to work best in "the entourage effect" — essentially, cannabis compounds work better together to produce potential health benefits.
There's so much to dive into when it comes to cannabis and CBD. The focus of this article is to give you a base knowledge of why growing a genetically superior strain is so important. We want to make sure our CBD and hemp extract products are pure, non-intoxicating, and full of potential benefits, and we know that starts with planting a seed.
Related Read: Learn the difference between Full-Spectrum, Broad-Spectrum, and Isolate CBD in Understanding Hemp Extract Types.
Is CBD Farming Legal?
CBD has a bit of an ironic history. More recently, hemp prohibition has made it difficult to cultivate hemp. However, in the early American colonies farmers were actually legally bound to grow hemp because as a support to the economy and used as legal tender until the 1800s.
The story changed in 1937, when Congress passed the "Marihuana Tax Act". This effectively prohibited hemp farming by criminalizing and stigmatizing the hemp plant as a whole.
To make matters worse, the 1970 Controlled Substances Act included hemp as a Schedule I drug — the most restrictive classification, including substances with "high abuse potential", like LSD, ecstasy, heroin, and peyote. Essentially, this began the "war on drugs" and deemed cannabis as a substance with "no accepted medical value", at least in the eyes of the government.
Hemp Farm Regulations
Luckily, hemp returned to the light starting in 2008. Proposition 215, called the "Compassionate Use Act", was passed in California. This legislation was a big step for medical cannabis, and it allowed patients and caregivers an exemption from laws regarding cannabis and its cultivation.
Over the next decade, other instrumental legislation was passed, culminating in the 2018 Farm Bill. This bill marked a major milestone in hemp farming, and included:
- The removal of hemp from the Controlled Substances Act
- Extended allowances or commercial cultivation (farming) of hemp
- Legalized the production of hemp in the U.S.
Today, cannabis legislation remains a complex matter. Cannabis in the form of marijuana is still considered a Schedule I drug. Medical marijuana is legal in 35 of the 50 states, and 15 states have legalized adult-use cannabis.
Hemp and CBD oil are considered legal in all 50 states. However, CBD marketing is tightly regulated, and not all CBD products may be considered legal depending on where you live.
For example, some CBD food and dietary supplement products can only be sold within their state of origin or within state lines. Regardless of federal (national) laws, states have their own individual laws for CBD. Some states place further restrictions on CBD products and categorize them similarly to marijuana.
It's important to observe local, state, and federal laws whenever possible. These efforts are not in vain — they help move hemp back into the limelight and further legalize CBD. Eventually, we hope hemp will be restored to all its glory as it was in ancient days.
Our Organic CBD products must meet specific regulations. Hemp has the ability to draw from the qualities of the soil it is grown in. Pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, heavy metals, and more may make their way into low-quality, non-organic CBD products.
This is why we believe offering Organic CBD is so important. The modern CBD industry is still in its infancy, making the three year period prior to harvest when prohibited substances cannot be applied a hurdle for some new hemp farmers to find their way over.
We believe it is worth the wait. Our USDA Organic certification symbolizes our commitment to clean soil and ultimate purity in our hemp products. Our extracts are free of:
- Harmful chemicals
- Synthetic fertilizers
Related Read: Read all about Hemplucid's shift to Organic CBD in New Hemplucid USDA Organic CBD.
How To Read A Certificate of Analysis
When shopping for a CBD product at Hemplucid.com, you'll come across something called a Certificate of Analysis (COA). These documents are available to show that our CBD is potent and safe to consume.
Not all labs are created equal, which is why we are transparent with our COAs. Each COA provides product information, lot identification, batch date, and a complete cannabinoid profile. This certifies the exact amount of CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids so you know exactly what you are putting into your body.
How Much CBD Oil From 1 Acre Of Hemp?
There are many benefits of growing hemp. Beyond providing farming opportunities, hemp is considered a low maintenance crop. It provides potential economic growth for farmers while simultaneously needing less space and water to flourish.
Just one acre of hemp yields 700 pounds of grain on average. This grain can then be pressed into approximately 22 gallons of oil and 530 pounds of meal. Alternatively, an acre can yield 5,300 pounds of straw on average, which can be transformed into 1,300 pounds of hemp fiber.
While crop yields may seem abundant, keep in mind that the CBD cultivation process can get expensive. Between licenses, lab testing, and securing a unique genetic strain, there are many costs to consider.
CBD also needs to be paired with a carrier oil to work properly. We make our CBD as affordable as possible considering all the lengths we go to in order to make sure our oils and hemp extracts are top-of-the-line.
All this is made possible by the incredible hemp farmers who supply our CBD! Our pricing and products also reflect their hard work, because we want to ensure that those working to supply our hemp extracts are fairly compensated.
A Final Word On CBD Farming
The ancient practice of growing hemp has had many roadblocks in recent times. Luckily, CBD is slowly being restored to the versatile crop it was in its glory days. Thanks to dedicated hemp farmers, we can continue to create plant-based products that may help heal both people and the planet.
Agricultural Marketing Resource Center. Industrial Hemp. Agmrc.org. Published March 2019.
Greenstate Staff. Where is cannabis legal in the United States? (Medical marijuana and CBD included). Greenstate.com. Published July 20, 2020.
Tanasi. Is CBD Legal in All 50 States? Tanasi.com. Published July 13, 2020.